Colaptes auratus (Linnaeus)
The Yellowhammer is the state bird for Alabama. During the Civil War, a group of Confederate Alabama soldiers were given the nick name "Yellowhammers" because of bits of yellow fabric on their uniforms. The nickname stuck and soon all of Alabama's soldiers were known as Yellowhammers. Alabama is now known as "The Yellowhammer State"The Yellowhammer bird is also known as the Flicker, Yellow-shafted Flicker, & Southern Flicker. It is a type of woodpecker. Its long beak helps it drill through the bark of trees. Yellowhammers eat more than any other bird in America. Insects are their favorite food but they also eat nuts and berries, even the berries of the Poison Ivy plant!